Angular Limb Deformities in Foals
Angular limb deformities are described as deviations from the normal axis of the limb in the frontal plane. There are 2 main classifications;
  • Valgus: Is a deviation of the limb, below the level of the deformity, away from the midline (Lateral).
  • Varus: Is a deviation of the limb, below the level of the deformity, toward the midline (Medial).
*Rotational deformity commonly accompanies angular deformities – i.e. valgus deviations commonly have hooves that are rotated outwards and varus deviations commonly have inward rotated hooves.
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Tendon and Ligament

Diagnosis of tendon and ligament injuries is based on clinical and ultrasound findings.   The typical signs of injury are heat, swelling and pain when palpating the structure.

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