Name Description Downloads File Size
Name Description Downloads File Size
The term “colic” refers to abdominal pain and it can be a result of pain from any organ within the abdominal cavity. Organs such as the intestines, liver, kidneys, bladder, uterus and ovaries can all be involved. The most common cause of colic signs involves the intestine, and the pain occurs as a result of stimulation of nerve endings within the intestinal walls. Consequently, distension of the bowel or tension on the supporting structures (mesentery) can also be a source of pain and therefore cause ‘colic’. 32 downloads 382.8 KB
Foals are not able to produce antibodies of their own until about 2 weeks of age. They receive their first antibodies or immunoglobulins (Ig) from the mother via the ingestion of colostrum. This is the thick, sticky, yellowish substance that the mare’s udder produces for the first 24 hours of the foal’s life. 51 downloads 198.6 KB
Angular Limb Deformities in Foals
Angular limb deformities are described as deviations from the normal axis of the limb in the frontal plane. There are 2 main classifications;
  • Valgus: Is a deviation of the limb, below the level of the deformity, away from the midline (Lateral).
  • Varus: Is a deviation of the limb, below the level of the deformity, toward the midline (Medial).
*Rotational deformity commonly accompanies angular deformities – i.e. valgus deviations commonly have hooves that are rotated outwards and varus deviations commonly have inward rotated hooves.
66 downloads 273.3 KB
Tendon and Ligament

Diagnosis of tendon and ligament injuries is based on clinical and ultrasound findings.   The typical signs of injury are heat, swelling and pain when palpating the structure.

147 downloads 269.6 KB